Pump a pump which is a vacuum. There is a large suction force is created by pumping air or other substances in closed containers. Why do you need such a device, what is the operating principles, types, characteristics, how to build one with his own hands, — these questions must be examined.
What tools are you using, where
In the modern world people are very common the vacuum in your daily life. Such devices are used, the braking, the vehicles, and air-conditioning systems. There is a device, in order to pump the air out of the packages, the food or bulky items.
Fixtures, used in various industries:
- Oil and gas;
- The construction.
There are even pumps women and men, to enhance the blood flow to the different organs. Vacuum devices are used almost everywhere, so the design is different. The main types of such devices are varied. Liquid ring advanced before the others and used today.
Such a tool should be, a constant amount of fluid, or electricity.
The vacuum in the chamber formed by the rotary mechanism immersed in the liquid. Rotary vane — the most popular of the production. Used for small, closed systems. Rotary vane pump, primarily the 2 camera. During operation of the rotor the air is one of the modules moved to the other. These pumps are of 2 types – oil, oil-free.
The creation of a manual device of the syringe
Such a manual mini-pump is very affordable, but easy to collect all people.
To the device, the syringe, you need to prepare:
- Hospital syringe, preferably more;
- A tube the same diameter as the t-shirt, and a syringe;
- 2 non-return valve.
First, a flexible plastic tube is cut in 3 parts and attaches to the t-shirt. A tube, connect the syringe, and then the other two tank valves.
You can use the aquarium valves are the same diameter as the tube.
One of the valve inserted into the intake air, the other question. The motion of the piston of the syringe in the tank, air is pumped out. It is also possible to pour water from a vessel in the second.
The lamp body of the motor pump
Own household pump home made from ordinary car or a Bicycle pump. The work consists of 4 consecutive steps. Namely:
- Do not disassemble the device and remove the cuff.
- The cuff upside down, bolted it back on.
- The pump tube is equipped with a non-return valve.
- The free end of the valve to wear a tube or hose to the durable material.
The essence of the change, to change the direction of the stroke: if you press the knob, lowering the volume of the chamber, and the air escape through the reverse cuff.
When lifting arm chamber to create a vacuum.
This homemade tool can be useful at home, for example, when the intake air in the case to store pillows, and bulky things without the help of a vacuum cleaner.
The different compressors
The pumping of large quantities able to the pump electric drive. It is impossible to pump out the tank contains liquid, or steam quickly bring the device down. In order to ensure that the compressor is not broken, the system will add the equipment to dehumidify the air.
The manufacturer of the pump by the compressor is divided into 3 stages:
- Removed the filter for the compressor.
- At the entrance to the compressor attaches a tube to suck out the air.
- Switch on the device itself.
The pump in hand you can create a broken refrigerator or air conditioning. The manufacturing procedure is simple, takes place in several stages. Saw-cut top. Removed the motor the house. The copper pipe to wear special hose, and attached to a small container.
The upper part of the compressor is replaced by a new, smaller diameter. The cap can be with the help of a soldering iron copper foil. Linoleum coverings of insulation.
The pump is equipped with a tubular level gauge for monitoring the oil level (this could be the house of a pen). The suction fitting attached to the air filter, you can use the car. Between the equipment and the filter mounting system reset excess pressure. Included in the network.
How to make a vacuum pump
Liquid ring vacuum pump creates a strong vacuum is widely used in agricultural machinery. The work is due to the immersion of the rotating mechanism of fluid.
Amending aquarium compressor is not hard, the design is a little bit modified:
- With a screwdriver, unscrewed the tip of the body.
- Poems junction, as well as the disassembled non-return valves.
- The valves are interchanged, and the device going back.
- Tube connected to the vacuum region. To eliminate the humidity in the house is a little hole.
- Sets the system gas outlet of the tube is the correct size.
The Assembly of the pump takes place in several stages. Inside of a round drum placed blade mechanism. Is configured to not come into contact with by the body. The drum is partially filled with water.
Impeller the motor begins to rotate, and the fluid under the action of centrifugal force to fill the pump.
The flow of water, the tube or the tank. Puller removes the bearing. The wear of the disk inserted in the hairpin. When tightening the mother, the pressing disk on the shaft.
The shades that the pump of the hand
The main advantage of membrane-piston pump, the universality and absence of noise. The vacuum is forced under the influence of the piston. The Cam-driven devices, the vacuum is created by 2 main parts of the mechanism — the "shark", rotating relative to each other.
These pumps do not need to lubricate, caused by the poor performance of necessary parts.
Vacuum pumps can be done regardless of using a medical syringe, auto, or pump, an electric compressor, the compressor of the refrigerator compressor of the aquarium. Select given the opportunity to determine how, where, and why to use it.
The pump consists of several separate parts:
- Plastic filament sealing cuff, which is inserted into the stock.
- Mechanism that creates the vacuum by pumping the air.
- The rubber tube connecting the pump to the bulb.
The stem is inserted in the bulb of the air, a vacuum, a vacuum is created. This leads to increased care in the air. To run pressed air valve is released, or the hole covered with your finger.
The store's options for the different pump configurations. But such a pump can easily make your own waste materials. Get the bulb of the desired size (may be pastry syringe or a plastic bottle), 2 bore holes. A hole by using a sealant or adhesive is connected to the pipe (silicone, rubber, or the dropper). The second hole in the sealing cuff is attached, which is integrity, and does not allow you to hurt. The gasket transition tube connected to the pump.
If you want to use the vacuum pump can save a lot of money, the collection entity of its own. However, the creation will be a lot of time and effort. For the manufacture of the device in the hands, sometimes enough to take advantage of the already existing source material. What will be the chosen one, is directly dependent on the complexity of the work and use the equipment.